You can avoid heart problems in the future by adopting a healthy lifestyle today. Here are eight tips for preventing heart disease to help you get started.
1. prevent and control high blood cholesterol levels
High blood cholesterol is a major risk factor for heart disease. The prevention and treatment of high blood cholesterol include a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol, high in fiber, a healthy weight, and regular exercise. All adults should check their cholesterol levels every five years. If yours is high, your doctor may prescribe medication to lower it.
2. prevent and control high bod pressure
Lifestyle measures such as healthy eating, regular physical activity, not smoking, and a healthy weight will help you maintain normal blood pressure, and all adults should have their blood pressure checked regularly. Blood pressure is easy to check. If your blood pressure is high, you can work with your doctor to treat it and bring it back to normal. High blood pressure can usually be controlled by lifestyle changes and medication if necessary.
3. prevent and control diabetes
People with diabetes have an increased risk of heart disease but can reduce their risk through weight loss and regular physical activity.
4. No smoking
Smoking increases the risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke. Never smoking is one of the best things a person can do to reduce their risk. If you quit smoking, you can also reduce your risk of heart disease. A person’s risk of having a heart attack decreases soon after they stop smoking. If you smoke, your doctor may suggest programs that can help you stop smoking.
5. moderate alcohol consumption
Excessive alcohol consumption increases the risk of high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke. People who drink should do so only in moderation and always responsibly.
6. maintain a healthy weight
The healthy weight status of adults is usually assessed on the basis of weight and height to calculate a number known as the “body mass index” (BMI). BMI usually indicates the amount of body fat. An adult with a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese. Overweight is a body mass index between 25 and 29..9. Normal weight is a BMI between 18 and 24.9. The right diet and regular physical activity can help maintain a healthy weight.
7. regular physical activity
Adults should be moderately physically active for at least 30 minutes on most days of the week
8. diet and nutrition
Together with healthy weight and regular physical activity, an overall healthy diet can help to lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels and prevent obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. This includes eating lots of fresh fruit and vegetables, reducing or cutting out salt or sodium, and eating less saturated fat and cholesterol to reduce these risks.
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